The Films of the Eighties: A Social History
Southern Illinois University Press, 1993 - 335 pages
In this remarkable sequel to his Films of the Seventies: A Social History, William J. Palmer examines more than three hundred films as texts that represent, revise, parody, comment upon, and generate discussion about major events, issues, and social trends of the eighties.
Palmer defines the dialectic between film art and social history, taking as his theoretical model the "holograph of history" that originated from the New Historicist theories of Hayden White and Dominick LaCapra. Combining the interests and methodologies of social history and film criticism, Palmer contends that film is a socially conscious interpreter and commentator upon the issues of contemporary social history. In the eighties, such issues included the war in Vietnam, the preservation of the American farm, terrorism, nuclear holocaust, changes in Soviet-American relations, neoconservative feminism, and yuppies.
Among the films Palmer examines are Platoon, The Killing Fields, The River, Out of Africa, Little Drummer Girl, Kiss of the Spiderwoman, Silkwood, The Day After, Red Dawn, Moscow on the Hudson, Troop Beverly Hills, and Fatal Attraction. Utilizing the principles of New Historicism, Palmer demonstrates that film can analyze and critique history as well as present it.
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The shooting war of death squad terrorism becomes coequal with the public relations war of false image projection . From the beginning , the theme of the power and fragility of photographic images of reality is visually stressed .
Stone's images do not have to be analysed . They are immediate and shocking : a burning body in the road , the execution by the Guardia of a student in the street ( reminiscent of the most famous photo of the Vietnam War ) , bodies ...
This image of a tortured prisoner , his identity and humanity taken away by the bag over his head , is repeated a number of times . ... Unlike Salvador with its powerful unembellished images or Missing with its incessant audio ( gunfire ) ...
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The Vietnam War as Film Text
The Coming Home Films
The Terrorism Film Texts
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