The Formation of the Sunni Schools of Law: 9th-10th Centuries C.E.
BRILL, 1997 - 244 pages
The Sunni schools of law are named for jurisprudents of the eighth and ninth centuries, but they did not actually function so early. The main division at that time was rather between adherents of "ra'y" and "?ad?th," No school had a regular means of forming students. Relying mainly on biographical dictionaries, this study traces the constitutive elements of the classical schools and finds that they first came together in the early tenth century, particularly with the work of Ibn Surayj (d. 306/918), al-Khall?l (d. 311/923), and a series of ?anaf? teachers ending with al-Karkh? (d. 340/952). M?likism prospered in the West for political reasons, while the hir? and Jar?r? schools faded out due to their refusal to adopt the common new teaching methods. In this book the author fleshes out these historical developments in a manner that will be extremely useful to the field, while at the same time developing some new and highly original perspectives.
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TABLE OF CONTENTS
Ibn Surayj and the Classical Shafii School
AlKarkhT and the Classical Hanafi School
AlKhallal and the Classical Hanbali School
Abd al-Rahman Abd Allah ibn Abu al-Hasan Abu Bakr Abu HanTfah Abu Ishaq Abu Thawr Abu Yusuf adherents Ahmad ibn Hanbal Al-DhahabT al-Hakim al-KarkhT al-Khallal Al-KhatTb al-BaghdadT al-MarwazT al-MuzanT al-Qasim al-ra'y al-Shafi'T al-ShaybanT al-SubkT al-TabarT al-TahawT al-ZahirT ashab Baghdad Basran Beirut biographical Bishr Cairo caliph commentary Da'irat al-Ma'arif Dawud doctrine E. J. Brill Egypt Fihrist Geschichte hadith reports Hanabilah Hanafi school HanafTyah Hyderabad Ibn Abd al-Barr Ibn AbT al-Wafa Ibn AbT Ya'la ibn Ahmad Ibn al-NadTm Ibn Hajar Ibn Hazm Ibn Khaldun ibn Muhammad Ibn Surayj identified Iraq Iraqi Islamic Isma'Tl Istanbul Jawahir Joseph Schacht juridical opinions kalam Kashf Katib CelebT Khurasan Kitab Kufan later learnt jurisprudence Lisan madhhab Maktabat Maliki Maliki school Mu'tazili Muhammad ibn Mukhtasar Muslim ninth century Nishapur qadi Qur'an ra'y Salih school of law semi-rationalist Sezgin Shafi'i Shafi'i school Shafi'Tyah Siyar studied Sufyan Tabaqat Tahdhib Tarikh teacher traditionalists Umar vols Yahya ibn Zahiri
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