Hanbali Movements in Baghdad from Abu Muhammad Al-Barbahari (d. 329

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UMI Dissertation Information Service, 1995 - 279 pages
This dissertation deals with the development of the Hanbali madhhab in its stron ghold, the capital city of the $/sp[/rm c]$Abbasi caliphate. It examines this ma dhhab with regard to three aspects, the careers of the $/sp[/rm c]$ulama' (relig ious scholars), the popular manifestations, and the doctrinal implications, from the beginning of the fourth/tenth century to the third quarter of the fifth/ele venth century. The focus, however, is on the popular movements. The historical b ackground, against which the Hanbali movements can be best understood, is examin ed in the opening chapter of this dissertation. This background primarily consis ts of the political situation of the Muslim world, which can be described in ter ms of fragmentation, and the sectarian tendencies of Muslim rulers. Information concerning the declining economic condition of Baghdad and the development of di fferent madhahib (sing. madhhab) in that city is also part of this background. T he second chapter studies a number of the leading Hanbali $/sp[/rm c]$ulama', su ch as al-Barbahari al-Najjad, Ibn Batta, Ibn Sam$/sp[/rm c]$un, Ibn Hamid, Abu Y a$/sp[/rm c]$la ibn al-Farra', and Abu Ja$/sp[/rm c]$far al-Hashimi The emphasis is on their biographies: lives, educations, works, ideas and political careers. This type of information provides an understanding of how individual Hanbalis c ontributed to the development of the intellectual, popular and political aspects of the Hanbali madhhab. The third chapter analyzes the course of Hanbali moveme nts during more than a century and a half, a period which marked the height of t he movements under the leadership of many important Hanbali $/sp[/rm c]$ulama' f rom Abu Muhammad al-Barbahari (d. 329/941) to Sharif Abu Ja$/sp[/rm c]$far al-Ha shimi (d. 470/1077). The presentation of the events is chronological rather than thematic. The fourth chapter deals with the ideological positions of the Hanabi la, which explain the intellectual issues underlying their confrontations agains t the Shi spc$a, Mu$ spc$tazila, Ash$ spc$ariyya and other people of [/it bid]$ spc$[/it a] (innovation) and moral laxity. The structure of this chapter is more thematic than chronological. This dissertation then closes with the conclusion which covers the basic ideas of all the chapters. It indicates the nature of the relationship among ...

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