Scanning the Pharaohs: CT Imaging of the New Kingdom Royal Mummies

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Oxford University Press, 2016 - 318 pages
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The royal mummies in the Cairo Museum are an important source of information about the lives of the ancient Egyptians. The remains of these pharaohs and queens can inform us about their age at death and medical conditions from which they may have suffered, as well as the mummification process and objects placed within the wrappings.
Using the latest technology, including Multi-Detector Computed Tomography and DNA analysis, co-authors Zahi Hawass and Sahar Saleem present the results of the examination of royal mummies of the Eighteenth to Twentieth Dynasties. New imaging techniques not only reveal a wealth of information about each mummy, but render amazingly lifelike and detailed images of the remains. In addition, utilizing 3D images, the anatomy of each face has been discerned for a more accurate interpretation of a mummy's facial features. This latest research has uncovered some surprising results about the genealogy of, and familial relationships between, these ancient individuals, as well as some unexpected medical finds.
Historical information is provided to place the royal mummies in context, and the book with its many illustrations will appeal to Egyptologists, paleopathologists, and non-specialists alike, as the authors seek to uncover the secrets of these most fascinating members of the New Kingdom royal families.
 

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It is amazing. What a self confidence for Dr. Zahi and associate. Realities based on science. Sincerely admired the excellent job.

Contents

Introduction
1
Secondary sex characteristics in male and female pelvic bones
22
Secondary sex characteristics in male and female skulls
23
Chronological appearance of deciduous and permanent teeth in males and females
24
The Story of the Royal Caches
29
The Discovery of the Mummy of Queen Hatshepsut
43
General CT findings for the mummy of Thutmose I
47
General CT findings for the KV60 A mummy
59
The Nineteenth Dynasty
145
General CT findings for the mummy of Seti I
151
General CT findings for the mummy of Ramesses II
161
General CT findings for the mummy of Merenptah
167
Ramesses III Pentawere
175
General CT findings for the mummy of Ramesses III
179
CT Findings on the Mummification Process of Royal
193
Age stature preservation status and position of upper limbs in selected royal mummies
222

CT Examination of Selected Mid to Late
65
General CT findings for the mummy of Yuya
68
General CT findings for the mummy of Thuya
71
General CT findings for the mummy of Amenhotep III
74
General CT findings for the mummy of the Elder Lady
77
General CT findings for the mummy of the Younger Lady
80
Inventory of the skeletal remains from KV55
87
General CT findings for the mummy of Tutankhamun
94
Mummy of Tutankhamun
104
Investigations into King Tutankhamuns Family
117
Potential applicability of the diagnostic criteria of Marfans Disease
126
The Search for the Mummy of Queen Nefertiti
129
CT measurements of long bones of Mummy KV21A
136
CT findings of arrangements of upper and lower limbs of Mummy KV21 A
138
CT measurements of the bones of Mummy KV21 B
139
CT findings of arrangements of upper and lower limbs of Mummy KV21 B
141
CT densities of materials related to mummification
224
MDCT findings of cranial mummification in selected royal mummies
225
CT features of embalming of nasal passages in selected royal mummies
226
CT findings of evisceration and embalming materials in torso cavities of royal mummies
227
Embalming substances in orbits of royal mummies
228
Embalming substances in oral cavity and pharynx of royal mummies
229
CT findings of external genitalia of male royal mummies
230
Amulets Funerary Figures and Other Objects Found
231
Foreign objects found in the royal mummies
232
Suggested categories of twentyfive foreign objects found by CT
236
Faces of the Royal Mummies
247
List of the Royal Mummies in
253
Illustration Credits
259
Bibliography
291
Index
307
Copyright

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About the author (2016)


Zahi Hawass is one of the world's best known Egyptologists, former Egyptian minister of state for antiquities, and National Geographic Explorer-in-Residence. He is the author of many books on ancient Egypt, including Discovering Tutankhamun: From Howard Carter to DNA (AUC Press, 2013).

Sahar Saleem, professor of radiology at Cairo University, is a specialist in advanced MRI technology with an interest in paleopathology.

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