Central Asia, 130 Years of Russian Dominance: A Historical Overview
For centuries, Central Asia has been a leading civilization, an Islamic heartland, and a geographical link between West and East. After a long traditional history, it is now in a state of change. With the breakup of the Soviet Union in 1991, five newborn Central Asian states have emerged in place of the former Soviet Central Asia and Afghanistan. Central Asia provides the most comprehensive survey of the history of the impact of Russian rule upon the political, economic, social, intellectual, and cultural life of this diverse region. Together, these essays convey a sense of the region’s community as well as the divisive policies that have affected it for so long.
Now in its third edition (it was first published in 1967 and revised in 1989), this new edition of Central Asia has been updated to include a new preface, a revised and updated bibliography, and a final chapter that brings the book up to 1994 in considering the crucial problems that stem from a deprivation of sovereign, indigenous leadership over the past 130 years. This volume provides a broad and essential background for understanding what has led up to the late twentieth-century configuration of Central Asia.
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People Languages and Migrations
The Population and the Land
5a Central Asians Residing Throughout the Soviet Union
Systematic Conquest 1865 to 1884
Organizing and Colonizing the Conquered Territories
The Stirring of National Feeling
Social and Political Reform
The Changing Intellectual and Literary Community
3a Distribution of the Intelligentsia by Profession Insti
The Focus of Literature
Musical Tradition and Innovation
Modernizing Architecture Art and Town Plans
The New Central Asians
The Hunger for Modern Leadership
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agricultural Alash Orda Alma Ata Amu Darya Arabic Ashkhabad Asia Asia's ASSR Bukhara canal centers Central Asian century Chaghatay cotton CPSU crops culture czarist dutar economic emir ethnic Farghana Farghana Valley FIGURE Frunze grain groups hectares Ibid important indigenous industry instruments intellectual irrigation Islam Istoriia Izdatel'stvo Akademii Nauk Jadid Karakalpak Kazakh Kazakhstan Khan khanate Khiva Khokand Khwarazm Kirgiz Kirgizistan Kirgizstan land language leaders literary literature madrasah major ment metric tons military million acres Moscow Muhammad Mullah Muslim naseleniia nationalists nomads oblast official Orenburg organization percent period Persian Petersburg plains plants poets political population production railroad region republic revolution Russian Samarkand sian Sir Darya social Socialist southern Central Asia Soviet Union sown SSSR Stalin Tajik Tajikistan tanbur Tashkent Tatars tion trade traditional tral troops Turkic Turkistan Turkistan guberniia Turkmen Turkmenistan Ukrainians USSR Uyghur Uzbek Uzbekistan Uzbekskoi SSR Western writers