Varieties of Religious Authority: Changes and Challenges in 20th Century Indonesian Islam

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Azyumardi Azra, Kees van Dijk, Nico J G Kaptein
Institute of Southeast Asian Studies, 2010 - 211 pages
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The twentieth century was a fascinating period of profound political, social and economic changes in Indonesia. These changes contributed to the diversification of the religious landscape and as a result, religious authority was redistributed over an increasing number of actors. Although many Muslims in Indonesia continued to regard the ulama, the traditional religious scholars, as the principle source of religious guidance, religious authority has become more diffused and differentiated over time. The present book consists of contributions which all deal with the multi-facetted and multidimensional topic of religious authority and aim to complement each other. Most papers deal with Indonesia, but two dealing with other countries have been included in order to add a comparative dimension. Amongst the topics dealt with are the different and changing roles of the ulama, the rise and role of Muslim organizations, developments within Islamic education, like the madrasa, and the spread of Salafi ideas in contemporary Indonesia.
 

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Contents

1 THE REDEFINITION OF RELIGIOUS AUTHORITY AMONG SOUTH ASIAN MUSLIMS FROM 1919 TO 1956 by Marc Gaborieau
1
2 UNDERSTANDING ALIMAMS CRITIQUE OF TARIQA SUFISM by Michael Laffan
17
Some Notes on the Changing Role of the Ulama in Early Twentieth Indonesia by Jajat Burhanudin
54
Egypt Indonesia and South Africa Compared by Abdulkader Tayob
73
Mathlaul Anwar in the Last Years of the New Order by Didin Nurul Rosidin
93
Between Formal Religious Institution and Informallocal Leaders by Machasin
115
Islamic Reform and Modernization of Indonesian Islam in the Twentieth Century by Arief Subhan
126
Salafis Political Mobilization and Drama of Jihad in Indonesia by Noorhaidi Hasan
139
Shifts in Religious Authority in Indonesia by Andrée Feillard
157
10 RELIGIOUS AUTHORITY AND THE SUPERNATURAL by Kees van Dijk
177
INDEX
203
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About the author (2010)

• Azyumardi Azra is Professor of History, Universitas Islam Negeri Syarif Hidayatullah (UIN), Jakarta, Indonesia. 


• Kees van Dijk is Professor of the History of Islam in Indonesia, Leiden University.


• Nico J.G. Kaptein is Senior Research Fellow at the International Institute for Asian Studies, Leiden, and teaches Islamic Studies at Leiden University. 

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