The Gaze and the Labyrinth: The Cinema of Liliana Cavani
Princeton University Press, Jan 30, 2000 - 308 pages
In this, the first comprehensive book on Liliana Cavani, Gaetana Marrone redraws the map of postwar Italian cinema to make room for this extraordinary filmmaker, whose representations of transgressive eroticism, spiritual questing, and psychological extremes test the limits of the medium, pushing it into uncharted areas of discovery. Cavani's film The Night Porter (1974) created a sensation in the United States and Europe. But in many ways her critically renowned endeavors--which also include Francesco di Assisi, Galileo, I cannibali, Beyond Good and Evil, The Berlin Affair, and several operas and documentaries--remain enigmatic to audiences. Here Marrone presents Cavani's work as a cinema of ideas, showing how it takes pleasure in the telling of a story and ultimately revolts against all binding ideological and commercial codes.
The author explores the rich visual language in which Cavani expresses thought, and the cultural icons that constitute her style and images. This approach affords powerful insights into the intricate interlacing of narrated events. We also come to understand the importance assigned to the gaze in the genesis of desire and the acquisition of knowledge. The films come to life in this book as the classical tragedies Cavani intended, where rebels and madmen experience conflict between historical and spiritual reality, the present and the past. Offering intertextual analyses within such fields as psychology, history, and cultural studies, along with production information gleaned from Cavani's personal archives, Marrone boldly advances our understanding of an intriguing, important body of cinematic work.
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THE LABYRINTH COGNITION AND TRAGIC IMAGINATION
Francesco di Assisi The Medieval Chronicle and the Establishing of Physical Reality
Realism against Illusion The Ceremonial Divestiture of Power in Galileo
Metaphors of Revolt The Dialogic Silence in I cannibali
THE TRANSGRESSIVE GAZE STYLE AS TENSION
Toward a Negative Mythopoeia Spectacle Memory and Representation in The Night Porter
Staging the Gaze Beyond Good and Evil
Theatricality and Reflexivity in The Berlin Affair