The Catholic Crusade Against the Movies, 1940-1975
For more than three decades the Catholic church, through its Legion of Decency, had the power to control the content of Hollywood films. From the mid-1930s to the late 1960s the Catholic Legion served as a moral guardian for the American public. Hollywood studios submitted their films to the Legion for a rating, which varied from general approval to condemnation. This book details how a religious organisation got control of Hollywood, and how films like A Streetcar Named Desire, Lolita, and Tea and Sympathy were altered by the Legion to make them morally acceptable. Documenting the inner workings of the Legion, The Catholic Crusade against the Movies also examines how the changes in the movie industry, and American society at large in the post-World War II era, eventually conspired against the Legion's power and so lead to its demise.
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adults American Angeles approval audience Baby Doll banned believed Bicycle Thief Bitter Rice Boccaccio 70 box office Breen Burstyn Cardinal Spellman Catholic church Catholic Legion censorship boards challenge cinema classification Commonweal condemned condemned film consultors director Dolce Vita Duel entertainment Father Sullivan film critic filmmakers French Line Hays Hollywood Hollywood Censored homosexuality Hughes Humbert Ibid IFCA immoral industry Italian Kazan La Dolce Vita Laura Legion of Decency Lewt Little Lolita Looram Lord Martin Quigley Masterson McNulty million Miracle Moon Is Blue moral Motion Picture MPAA Msgr NCOMP NLOD novel nudity Open City Outlaw Pawnbroker PCA seal play Preminger priests producers Production Code protest Quigley's refused reviewers scene screen script Selznick sexual Shurlock story studio Suddenly Last Summer Tea and Sympathy theaters theme tion told U.S. Supreme Court Variety wanted Warner William wrote York young Zanuck
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